Analysis by PMOI/MEK
Iran, September 9, 2019—On the eve of a new school year, sweet memories of the years past remind us of the best periods of life, where the foundations for the next generation and the future of a country are set.
This would be true, if not for the ruling mullahs in Iran.
According to UNESCO, any and every kid from 6 to 18 years old should regularly visit a place to further their education, but an increasing numbers of youth in Iran under the mullahs’ regime are not able to do so.
According to the latest results of the Statistical Center of Iran based on a detailed nation-wide survey conducted in 2017, 1.5 to 2 million Iranian minors are either unable to visit a school or are illiterate.
But Hafizollah Fazeli, a government manager in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province, southern Iran, says that there are currently “3.5 million children” in Iran “who are not studying.”
One thing you should note about the tactics of the Iranian regime is that whenever a problem becomes too severe, they publicly acknowledge it while trying to make it appear less acute than it really is, while simultaneously exonerating themselves and pretending they are on the side of the people trying to solve the issue and the root causes of the problem lie somewhere out of their control.
According to Iranian officials, poverty is the single main reason why Iranian youth are dropping out of school or do not even bother entering in the first place.
In an interview with the state-run Youth Journalists Club website on July 24, Ehsan Gouharirad, general manager of the Education Department in West Ajarbaijan province in northwest Iran shed light on this troubling issue. “Unfortunately, the main reason behind students dropping out of schools have economic roots and if this [issue] is resolved, we can be optimistic about the students’ education,” he explained.
According to the regime’s Majlis (parliament) Center for Studies, in 2018, 23 to 40 percent of Iran’s population were under the poverty line. According to Ahmad Amidabadi Farahani, a member of the Majlis Board, inflation is at 50 percent in this year’s budget and an Iranian family earning less than 46 million rials (around $400) a month in Tehran is under the poverty line.
Meanwhile, the monthly minimum wage for an Iranian worker with a family and two kids is no more than 22 million rials (around $190), less than half the poverty line threshold.
That is why the Arman newspaper wrote two months ago that half of Iran’s population lives under the poverty line.
Another reason why students are dropping out of schools is that education is increasingly privatized.
According to article 30 of Iran’s constitution, education and all its services need to be for free. However, as the quality of education in public schools deteriorate, private schools are built that are charging enormous fees for services that were supposed to be free in the first place.
The Javan newspaper wrote on August 11 that the top entries of Iranian universities are all occupied by private school graduates.