Almost every Iranian women surveyed during new investigation admitted they experienced some kind of physical sexual harassment.
This probe was conducted on 350 women between the ages of 25 and 50 in the city of Sari, capital of Mazandaran Province in northern Iran. The results were published in the seasonal magazine “Social Welfare”.
Researchers have described sexual harassment as physical, visual, verbal and sexual measures threatening, intimidating, humiliating and insulting women. All the women who took part in this survey had experienced non-verbal sexual harassment, nearly 90% had experienced verbal sexual harassment and nearly 95% had undergone physical harassment.
Furthermore, this investigation shows single women and divorcees had experienced more verbal harassment than other groups.
82.9% of single women, 63.6% of divorced women, 61.2% of married women and 40% of widows had experienced non-verbal harassment.
However, all the women whose husbands had passed away, 98.6% of single women, 94.9% of married women, and 81.9% of divorced women had experienced minor or major physical sexual harassment.
Another issue researchers referred to is the relation between educated women and verbal sexual harassment. The higher education women receive, the more this type of harassment increases, and all women with masters degrees or higher have experienced this type of sexual harassment.
However, this “meaningful” difference in the rate of verbal and non-verbal harassment for educated women is not seen in physical harassments, and the amount of education had no effect on this type of harassments.
Employment for women has to some extent impacted their experience of sexual harassment. Verbal harassment is more for educated women, yet non-verbal and physical forms of sexual harassment was nearly the same for employed and non-employed women.
Researchers consider this social abnormality as a result of social inequalities and social-cultural structuring, which in itself is a result of “social inequality”.