Revolutionary Council member, Interior Minister, President 1989-1997, head of the State Expediency Council, Deputy Speaker of the Assembly of Experts
Charges related to the massacre of political prisoners in Iran in 1988
1. Rafsanjani was a key figure attending the meeting in which Khomeini first raised the idea of the fatwa for massacre of political prisoners.
2. As the Acting Commander in Chief and the regime’s Number Two after Khomeini, Rafsanjani vigorously defended the fatwa for the massacre.
3. Rafsanjani oversaw enforcement of the fatwa as Khomeini’s representative and reported to him on the progress of the massacre.
4. As the Acting Commander in Chief, Rafsanjani ordered that all the military personnel who had deserted or surrendered themselves to the Mojahedin be executed. The order was carried out
1. In the summer of 1981, as large-scale execution of dissidents began, Rafsanjani demanded more ruthless repression. He said publicly: “At the outset of the Revolution we made a mistake: we did not kill 200 Mojahedin, now we have to kill them by the thousands.”
2. He ordered execution of many dissidents abroad. One such example was the assassination of Professor Kazem Rajavi in Geneva in April 1990.
3. A Berlin court found Rafsanjani guilty as one of the highest officials of the Islamic Republic who ordered the assassination of four dissident Iranians in Mykonos Restaurant in 1992.
4. Throughout the year 2000, more evidence of Rafsanjani’s role in a chain of politically motivated murders in Iran surfaced.
Rafsanjani: “God’s law prescribes four punishments for them [the Mojahedin]:
“1. Kill them.
“2. Hang them.
“3. Cut off theft hands and feet.
“4. Banish them. If we had killed two hundred of them tight after the revolution, theft numbers would not have mounted this way. I repeat that according to the Quran, we are determined to destroy all [Mojahedin] who display enmity against Islam.” (Ettela‘at, October 31, 1981)