At the dawn of May 25, 1972, the founders of the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI), Mohammad Hanifnejad, Saeed Mohsen and Ali Asghar Badizadegan, along with two members of the PMOI leadership, Mahmoud Askarizadeh and Rasoul Meshkinfam, were put before death squads and were executed after long months of imprisonment and torture in Shah’s SAVAK dungeons. They were the vanguards, who stood against the dictatorial regime of Shah. At a time when former methods of struggle had failed and there was no prospect for freedom in the country, the founders of the PMOI founded an organization based on a progressive and democratic interpretation of Islam. The founders’ ultimate goal was to pave the way for a democratic government to replace the Shah’s regime. In contrast to most of their contemporaries, they believed that a new, democratically inclined interpretation of Islam was the means to this end. They set about establishing a political organization that could survive the shah’s repression and respond to the needs of ordinary citizens.