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HISTORICAL EVENTS

Ho Chi Minh - Vietnam revolution leader

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Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh
-On September 3, 1969, the leader of Vietnam’s revolution Ho Chi Minh passed away at the age of 79. Ho’s father served as an official at the Vietnamese imperial court, but French authorities eventually dismissed him for criticizing French domination of his country.  Born in a village called Kim Lin in 1890 and growing up in a poor family, Ho became a teacher after graduating from high school and headed to France at the age of 21. There, under the name Nguyen Ai Quoc (Nguyen the Patriot), he attempted to present a petition demanding self-determination for the Vietnamese people to the victorious Allied leaders attending the Paris Peace Conference at Versailles. The petition was ignored. In 1923 he was summoned to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) for training at the Moscow headquarters of the Communist International (popularly known as Comintern), an organization created by Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin to promote revolution throughout the world.  In 1941, after being away from his country for 30 years, he returned covertly and, along with a number of combative, set the grounds for the foundation of the National Liberation Army of Vietnam. This army was named Viet Minh (Unity for Vietnam Independence) with the objective of liberating Vietnam from France colonialism.
In March 1945, the Japanese started to push back the French from Indochina. This paved the way for Viet Minh to extend its network to the northern villages formerly controlled by the French.
In August of the same year, the army of Viet Minh under the command of General Vo Nguyen Giap, entered the city of Hanoi. The government collapsed and Ho Chi Minh was elected as president. At this time Ho formally adopted the pseudonym Ho Chi Minh, which means “he who enlightens.” In 1946 however the French managed to return with assistance provided by their internal operatives.
With the fall of Dien Bien Phu in May 1945, the battle between France and Viet Minh led to the victory of the Vietnamese fighters. In the following peace negotiations in Paris, the United States opposed the independence of all of Vietnam and therefore North Vietnam and South Vietnam were separated by the 17th parallel. The contentions between North Vietnamese forces and the US puppet South Vietnam government continued, but Ho Chi Minh died 6 years before the victory of the Vietnam revolution.
The children and the youth called this kind man who sincerely sang poems and spoke with them about the struggle as “Uncle Ho”. 

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