On July 20, 1981 the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) was founded in Tehran. Following the June 20th 1981 events in which Khomeini brutally suppressed the half a million people demonstration in Tehran and the resistance against the Khomeini regime started, organizing a popular and democratic alternative against the clerical regime was put in the Resistance agenda. Hence, on 21July 1981, the Resistance leader, Mr. Massoud Rajavi, announced the foundation of the National Council of Resistance of Iran in Tehran.
A week later, Mr. Massoud Rajavi flew to Paris in order to introduce and advance the NCRI affairs and to open the political and international front against Khomeini regime. Immediately, he drew the world s public attention to the existence of a democratic alternative to Khomeini regime through a chain of interviews with various media. Shortly after that, a wave of solidarity and support of the NCRI was formed among the freedom-loving Iranians and groups and political parties.
During last 27 years, the NCRI has played its effective role as the most stable national coalition as the Resistance Parliament and the only democratic alternative to the Iranian regime regime.
Getting to knowNCRI
National Council of Resistance of Iran
The Only Democratic Alternative
to Mullahs Regime Ruling Iran
National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), a broad coalition of democratic Iranian organizations, groups and personalities, was founded in 1981 in Tehran upon the initiative of Massoud Rajavi, the Leader of the Iranian Resistance.
Parliament in Exile
The NCRI has 550 members, including representatives of ethnic and religious minorities such as the Kurds, Baluchis, Armenians, Jews and Zoroastrians, representing a broad spectrum of political tendencies in Iran. Acting as parliament in exile, the NCRI aims to establish a democratic, secular and coalition government in Iran.
Women comprise 50% of the council’s members. Five organizations are also members of the NCRI, including the People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI), the largest and most popular resistance group inside Iran.
In August 1993, the NCRI unanimously elected Mrs. Maryam Rajavi as President for the transitional period. Her mandate is to oversee the peaceful transfer of power to the Iranian people following the regime s overthrow.
Addressing a rally of 15,000 Iranians in Dortmund, Germany, on June 16, 1995, Mrs. Rajavi announced her Charter of Fundamental Freedoms for future Iran. In June 1996, Mrs Rajavi addressed some 25,000 Iranians at London’s Earls Court.
All members of the Council have one vote. All decisions are adopted by a simple majority.
Six-month provisional government
The council s 25 committees form the basis for a provisional coalition government once the mullahs are toppled. Chairing each committee is a prominent political personality who is an expert in the field.
The provisional government will be in power for only six months and its main responsibility is to hold free and fair elections for a National Legislative and Constituent Assembly and to transfer power to the representatives of the people of Iran.
The NCR adheres to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and relevant covenants, including “freedom of association, freedom of thought and expression, media, political parties, trade unions, councils, religions and denominations, freedom of profession, and prevention of any violation of individual and social rights and freedoms.”
The council accepts national capitalism and the bazaar, private and personal ownership and investment. It views the participation of all citizens and the cooperation of Iranian technocrats, specialists and businessmen in exile as indispensable to reconstructing Iran’s economy. The council emphasizes the need to utilize the latest scientific and technical achievements and views relations with industrial countries necessary to reconstruct Iran s economy.
The NCR recognizes “the right of women to elect and be elected in all elections, and the right to suffrage in all referendums,” “the right to employment and free selection of profession, and the right to hold any public or government position, office or profession, including the presidency or judgeship,” “the right to freely choose clothing and covering,” and “the right to use, without discrimination, all instructional, educational, athletic, and artistic resources; the right to participate in all athletic competitions and artistic activities.”
Freedom of Religion
The NCRI believes in the separation of Church and State. According to its ratifications, “All forms of discrimination against the followers of various religions and denominations in the enjoyment of their individual and social rights are prohibited. No citizen shall enjoy any privileges or be subject to any deprivations with respect to nomination for election, suffrage, employment, education, becoming a judge or any other individual or social rights, for reason of belief or non-belief in particular religion or denomination.”
The NCRI recognizes the rights of all ethnic and national minorities. It has adopted a plan for the autonomy of Iranian Kurdistan, specifying that “the administration of all affairs of the autonomous region of Kurdistan,” except for those related to foreign policy, national defense, national security, foreign trade and customs, “fall within the authority of the autonomous organs.”
The council’s foreign policy is based on independence, respect for the United Nations Charter and international conventions and treaties, good neighborliness, international and regional cooperation and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries. The NCRI supports the Middle East peace process and is committed to maintaining and protecting peace and tranquility in the region and condemns any aggression and expansionism. The council opposes nuclear proliferation and the production of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles.