On October 7, 1942 - In the midst of World War II, the heads of the United States and Great Britain discussed the foundation of a global body that could resolve international disputes peacefully and prevent wars throughout the world. These assessments formed the basis needed for the foundation of the United Nations and its charter following World War II in 1945.
Its mission is to maintain world peace, develop good relations between countries, promote cooperation in solving the world’s problems, and encourage respect for human rights. . Member nations pledge to settle their disputes peacefully, to refrain from using force or the threat of force against other countries, and to refuse help to any country that opposes UN actions.
The UN has six principal organs: the Economic and Social Council, the United Nations General Assembly, the International Court of Justice, the Secretariat, the United Nations Security Council, and the United Nations Trusteeship Council. It also has 14 specialized agencies
some inherited from its predecessor, the League of Nations (e.g., the International Labor Organization)and a number of special offices (e.g., the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), programs, and funds (e.g., UNICEF). The UN is involved in economic, cultural, and humanitarian activities and the coordination or regulation of international postal services, civil aviation, meteorological research, telecommunications, international shipping, and intellectual property.The UN’s world headquarters is in New York City while its European headquarters is located in Geneva. The principal administrative officer of the UN is the Secretary-General, who is elected to a five-year renewable term by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council.